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FIGU Ratgeber

FIGU guide to health and well-being Observations, insights, findings, helpful, important, worth knowing and interesting facts from nature. (May contain translation errors to be corrected and updated)

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Black cumin oil: remedy for cancer, chronic inflammations and much more.

Carina Rehberg.    Centre for Health Sun, 07 Jul 2019 12:00 UTC 

What if we told you there was a spice so packed with healing substances that cancer, bacteria, viruses, ulcers, diabetes, chronic inflammation and many other health ailments had no chance of surviving in its presence?  The black cumin we are talking about here is not to be confused with sesame seeds, which look deceptively similar. Black cumin has a historic reputation as a panacea for almost every health condition. 

Black cumin oil has been used for 2000 years   

If you have never heard of black cumin (Nigella sativa), it is most likely because this spice is relatively unknown in the western world.  Even though black cumin has been used as a spice and as a natural remedy for more than 2000 years, pharmaceutical preparations are preferred in industrialised countries, which are far more ineffective and can also have dangerous side effects. 

If you want to counteract your health problems with natural remedies, you should now think about what benefits black cumin could have for you. 

The properties of black cumin oil 

Since 1964, hundreds of scientific studies have been published that have dealt with black cumin in some form. Taken as a whole, all these studies prove exactly what Near Eastern and North African cultures have known for thousands of years – namely that black cumin is basically a true miracle cure, or at least an extremely effective panacea. 

The positive properties that have been attributed to black cumin for 2000 years have also been scientifically proven.  Black cumin works 






against ulcers



protective against radiation-induced oxidative stress


bronchospasmolytic (reduces the tone of the bronchial muscles)


insulin sensitising



Protecting the kidneys 

tumour necrosis factor alpha inhibiting 

Versatile uses of black cumin oil 

In detail, black cumin proved to relieve pain in patients treated for acute pharyngitis.  In addition, the spice can help prevent diseases that would break out after contact with chemical weapons. 

It also helps in the long-term treatment of opium addicts, relieves symptoms of allergic rhinitis (inflammation of the nasal mucosa), fights infections caused by Heliobacter pylori (H. pylori), helps in the treatment of type 2 diabetes, alleviates asthma symptoms, lowers blood pressure, prevents epileptic seizures and can also eliminate fungal and candidiasis infestations. 

Black cumin oil and cancer 

But that is by no means all.  In the Middle East, black cumin has long been considered the most effective anti-cancer agent provided by Mother Nature.  Studies have shown that the regular intake of black cumin or black cumin oil could prevent the growth and spread of colon cancer cells. 

But the spice is also useful in preventing or treating other cancers. Researchers at the Cancer Immuno-Biology Laboratory in South Carolina, for example, have discovered that black cumin stimulates the activity of neutrophil granulocytes.

 Neutrophils are the most abundant white blood cells in our bodies.  They are responsible for attacking and eliminating cancer cells before they can turn into tumours, wrote the authors of the study. It increases interferon production, protects normal cells from the harmful effects of viral diseases, destroys tumour cells and increases the occurrence of B cells, which produce antibodies. 

Black cumin oil basically helps stimulate bone marrow production and the immune system, Use of black cumin oil 

As it has a very spicy, slightly nutty flavour, black cumin can be sprinkled over various dishes either ground or granulated.  The black cumin oil can be used to refine salads and other dishes.   Black cumin powder, when mixed with water, produces a sticky, slimy substance similar to that produced when water is mixed with chia seeds.  This gel can be drunk or used as an egg substitute in the preparation of gluten- and flour-free baked goods. 

Recommendation for black cumin oil 

To strengthen the immune system, it is recommended to take one teaspoon of the oil daily about one hour before breakfast.  To soften the intense taste, the oil can be mixed with a little honey or added to a freshly squeezed juice. As an accompanying measure in autoimmune diseases or during cancer therapy or should be taken 3 x daily 1 tsp black cumin oil.  In both cases, the simultaneous consumption of fresh garlic can also be very helpful. 

Please note the quality of the black cumin oil 

The quality of the black cumin is of course immensely important.  Therefore, only high-quality, gently produced (cold-pressed) oil from controlled organic cultivation should be used.   If you are undergoing therapeutic treatment, you should only use black cumin oil in consultation with your therapist.

Footnote: *Original quote: “Abu Huraira, Allah’s pleasure be upon him, reported that the Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings and peace be upon him, said: In black seed there is cure for every disease except death.”  [Sahih Al-Bukharyy no. 5688] 


– Salim EI, Fukushima S. “Chemopreventive potential of volatile oil from black cumin (Nigella sativa L.) seeds against rat colon carcinogenesis.”  Nutr Cancer.  2003;45(2):195-202.  

(The chemopreventive potential of volatile oil from black cumin (NigellasativaL.) seeds against colon carcinogenesis in rats).

 – Salem ML, Hossain MS.  “Protective effect of black seed oil from Nigella sativa against murine cytomegalovirus infection.”.  Int J Immunopharmacol. 2000 Sep;22(9):729-40.

  (Protective effect of black seed oil from Nigella sativa against murine cytomegalovirus infection). 

– Ozugurlu F et al, “The effect of Nigella sativa oil against experimental allergic encephalomyelitis via nitric oxide and other oxidative stress parameters.”  Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand).  2005 Sep 5;51(3):337-42. (The effect of Nigella satival against experimental allergic encephalomyelitis via nitric oxide and other oxidative stress parameters).

 – Yildiz F et al, “Nigella sativa relieves the deleterious effects of ischemia reperfusion injury on liver.”  World J Gastroenterol.  2008 Sep 7;14(33):5204-9. (Nigellasativa relieves the deleterious effects of ischemia reperfusion injury on liver). 

– Dirjomuljono M et al, “Symptomatic treatment of acute tonsillo-pharyngitis patients with a combination of Nigella sativa and Phyllanthus niruri extract.”  Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2008 Jun;46(6):295-306. (Symptomatic treatment of acute tonsillo pharyngitis patients with a combination of Nigella sativa and Phyllanthus niruri extract).

 – Boskabady MH, Farhadi J. “The possible prophylactic effect of Nigella sativa seed aqueous extract on respiratory symptoms and pulmonary function tests on chemical war victims: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.”  J Altern Complement Med.  2008 Nov;14(9):1137-44. doi: 10.1089/acm.2008.0049. 

(The potential prophylactic effect of Nigella sativa seed aqueous extract on respiratory symptoms and pulmonary function tests in chemical warfare victims: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial). 

Boskabady MH et al, “The possible prophylactic effect of Nigella sativa seed extract in asthmatic patients.” Fundam Clin Pharmacol. 2007 Oct;21(5):559-66. (The possible prophylactic effect of Nigella sativa seed extract in asthmatic patients).

 – Boskabady MH et al, “Antiasthmatic effect of Nigella sativa in airways of asthmatic patients.”  Phytomedicine. 2010 Aug;17(10):707-13. doi:  10.1016/j.phymed.2010.01.002. (Antiasthmatic effect of Nigella sativa in airways of asthmatic patients). 

– Sangi S et al, “A new and novel treatment of opioid dependence: Nigella sativa 500 mg.”  J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad. 2008 Apr-Jun;20(2):118-24. (A new and novel treatment of opioid dependence: Nigella sativa 500 mg). 

– Nikakhlagh S et al, “Herbal treatment of allergic rhinitis: the use of Nigella sativa.”  Am J Otolaryngol. 2011 Sep-Oct;32(5):402-7. doi:  10.1016/j.amjoto.2010.07.019. (Herbal treatment of allergic rhinitis: the use of Nigella sativa). 

– Salem EM et al, “Comparative study of Nigella Sativa and triple therapy in eradication of Helicobacter Pylori in patients with non-ulcer dyspepsia.”  Saudi J Gastroenterol.  2010 Jul-Sep;16(3):207-14. doi:  10.4103/13193767.65201. (Comparative study of Nigella sativa and triple therapy for eradication of Helicobacter pylori in patients with non-ulcer dyspepsia).

 – Bamosa AO et al, “Effect of Nigella sativa seeds on the glycemic control of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.”  Indian J Physiol Pharmacol. 2010 Oct-Dec;54(4):344-54. (Effect of Nigellasativa seeds on the glycemic control of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.) in 

– Kanter M et al, “Partial regeneration/proliferation of the beta-cells in the islets of Langerhans by Nigella sativa L. streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.”  Tohoku J Exp Med. 2003 Dec;201(4):213-9. (Partial regeneration/proliferation of the beta-cells in the islets of Langerhans by Nigella sativa streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats).

 – al-Awadi F et al, “The effect of a plants mixture extract on liver gluconeogenesis in streptozotocin induced diabetic rats.”  Diabetes Res. 1991 Dec;18(4):163-8. (The effect of a plants mixture extract on liver gluconeogenesis in streptozotocin induced diabetic rats). 

– Dehkordi FR, Kamkhah AF.  “Antihypertensive effect of Nigella sativa seed extract in patients with mild hypertension.”.  Fundam Clin Pharmacol. 2008 Aug;22(4):447-52. doi:  10.1111/j.1472-8206.2008.00607.x. (Blood pressure lowering effect of nigellasativa seed extract in patients with mild hypertension). 

– Akhondian J et al, “The effect of Nigella sativa L. (black cumin seed) on intractable pediatric seizures.”  Med Sci Monit.  2007 Dec;13(12):CR555-9. (The effect of Nigella sativa L. (black cumin) on epileptic seizures).

 – Duncker SC et al, “Nigella sativa (black cumin) seed extract alleviates symptoms of allergic diarrhea in mice, involving opioid receptors.”  PLoS One.  2012;7(6):e39841. doi:  10.1371/journal.pone.0039841. (Nigellasativa (black cumin) seed extract alleviates symptoms of allergic diarrhea in mice, involving opioid receptors). 

– Khan MA et al, “The in vivo antifungal activity of the aqueous extract from Nigella sativa seeds.”  Phytother Res. 2003 Feb;17(2):183-6. (The in vivo antifungal activity of the aqueous extract from Nigella sativa seeds). 

– Demir H et al, “Effect of black cumin (Nigella sativa) on heart rate, some hematological values, and pancreatic beta-cell damage in cadmium-treated rats.”  Biol Trace Elem Res. 2006 May;110(2):151-62. (The effect of black cumin (Nigella sativa) oil on heart rate, some hematological values, and pancreatic beta-cell damage in cadmium-treated rats). 

– Dahri AH et al, “Effect of Nigella sativa (kalonji) on serum cholesterol of albino rats.”  J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad. 2005 Apr-Jun;17(2):72-4. (The effect of Nigellasativa (kalonji) on serum cholesterol of albino rats).

 – Benhaddou-Andaloussi A et al, “The In Vivo Antidiabetic Activity of Nigella sativa Is Mediated through Activation of the AMPK Pathway and Increased Muscle Glut4 Content.”  Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2011;2011:538671. doi:  10.1155/2011/538671. (The in vivo antidiabetic activity of nigellasativa is mediated through activation of the AMPK pathway and increased muscle Glut 4 content). 

– Hossein BM et al, “The protective effect of Nigella sativa on lung injury of sulfur mustard-exposed Guinea pigs.” Exp Lung Res. 2008 May;34(4):183-94. doi:  10.1080/01902140801935082. (The protective effect of Nigella sativa on lung injury of mustard gas-exposed guinea pigs).

 – El-Beshbishy HA et al, “Amelioration of tamoxifen-induced liver injury in rats by grape seed extract, black seed extract and curcumin.”  Indian J Exp Biol. 2010 Mar;48(3):280-8. (Amelioration of tamoxifen-induced liver injury in rats by grape seed extract, black seed extract and curcumin). 

– Abdel-Wahhab MA, Aly SE.  “Antioxidant property of Nigella sativa (black cumin) and Syzygium aromaticum (clove) in rats during aflatoxicosis.”  J Appl Toxicol. 2005 May-Jun;25(3):218-23. (Antioxidant property of Nigella sativa (black cumin) and Syzygium aromaticum (clove) in rats during aflatoxicosis). 

– Chandra S et al, “Therapeutic effects of Nigella sativa on chronic HAART-induced hyperinsulinemia in rats.” Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 2009 Apr;87(4):300-9. doi:  10.1139/Y09-014. (Therapeutic effects of Nigella sativa on chronic HAART-induced hyperinsulinemia in rats). 

Elseweidy MM et al, “Effect of some natural products either alone or in combination on gastritis induced in experimental rats.”  Dig Dis Sci. 2008 Jul;53(7):1774-84. doi:  10.1007/s10620-008-0246-6. (The effect of some natural products either alone or in combination on induced gastritis in laboratory rats). 

– Hajhashemi V et al, “Black cumin seed essential oil, as a potent analgesic and anti-inflammatory drug.” Phytother Res. 2004 Mar;18(3):195-9. (Black cumin seed essential oil as a potent analgesic and anti-inflammatory drug). 

– Sayed-Ahmed MM, Nagi MN.  “Thymoquinone supplementation prevents the development of gentamicininduced acute renal toxicity in rats.”  Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol. 2007 May-Jun;34(5-6):399-405. (Black seed oil supplementation prevents the development of gentamicin-induced acute renal failure toxicity in rats). 

– Ustn K et al, “Radio-protective effects of Nigella sativa oil on oxidative stress in tongue tissue of rats.”  Oral Dis. 2013 Feb 11. doi:  10.1111/odi.12082.

 (Protective effects of nigella sativa oil on radiation-induced oxidative stress in tongue tissue of rats). 

Yam: use and effect – do not confuse with …

Posted By: Alpenschauon: 11 February 2020In:Stay Healthy and Beautiful, Healthy Eating, Health, Health Tips, Culinary & Lifestyle, Naturally Healthy, Tips and Tricks, Vegetarian, Vegan and Gluten Free, MenopauseNo Comments Print Email 

The yam in traditional medicine 

A guest article by Valerie Junker – The Alpine Show thanks you! 

More and more often you will find foreign root vegetables, such as the yam, on the shelves of exotic foods or in the local supermarket.  So it is good to know exactly what you are looking at. However, do not confuse the sweet potato with the yam.  Both belong to completely different plant families.  Like the common potato, the sweet potato belongs to the nightshade family. 

The yam forms its own order in the plant kingdom, the Dioscoreales.  With about 800 subspecies, the yam family is important as a food and medicinal plant in all tropical countries. 

The yam is used especially in gynaecology and is a natural remedy for menopausal complaints. 

Menopausal symptoms are often treated with hormone therapy.  But there is also a more gentle and natural way with the power of the yam root – read more >>>.

 The majority of yams are poisonous in their raw state!  Interesting is the effect that the traditional medicine of the countries of origin attributes to the yam.  Here, the wild growing yam root is the most important. The alkaloids (dioscorine) contained in the yam root are responsible for the toxic effect of yams in their raw state. The bioactive components of the yam root are – depending on the subspecies, of course – in different concentrations: steroidal saponins, dioskin and diosgenin resemble endogenous hormones. Beta-sitosterol is a phytosterol that inhibits the absorption of cholesterol into the blood in the gastrointestinal tract.  It also contains tannins, bitter substances. In addition, there are trace elements, amino acids, mucins (mucus-forming biopolymers), and amylase, an enzyme that improves the reduction, to and utilisation of carbohydrates from food. The interaction of the active ingredients in the yam root is decisive for tolerability and effectiveness.

Special features of the yam 

Indigenous peoples knew that the ingredients of the wild yam, for example: 

-soothe stomach and intestinal complaints or, for example, painful biliary colic or irritable bowel syndrome,   

– counteract painful rheumatic complaints and inflammatory processes in the musculoskeletal system, 

 – help against bladder and urinary tract problems, 

– regulate high blood pressure

 – reduce the utilisation of fats in the diet 

– can be used as a contraceptive

– as well as a sexual enhancer for men.

These are only a few examples from the long list of traditional uses.  In modern times, the wild yam was the pharmaceutical starting material when it came to producing progesterone, cortisone, oestrogen and other substances in the laboratory!  Nature literally provided the blueprint here!

Scientifically documented effects of the yam root 

Several detailed studies have meanwhile documented three spectrums of effects of the yam root: Taking it prevents age-related osteoporosis and keeps the bones stable harmonises the hormone balance, for example in cases of premenstrual syndrome or during menopause, when oestrogen production dominates while other hormones are produced less and less. keeps the vessels supple and thus counteracts diseases of the cardiovascular system as well as arteriosclerosis. 

When does the menopause begin?  Am I already in the middle of it?  Many women over 40 ask themselves these questions – do the self-test!  >>>   

Yam root against osteoporosis 

In recent decades, extensive research has been conducted to find out which natural remedies keep the bone-forming cells active and healthy while improving calcium absorption.  At the same time, they increase the production of collagen and other proteins important for bones. These plants include, for example, tragacanth, Chinese angelica and wild yam.  In combination with the balancing effect on the sex hormones, yam extract is a good means of significantly reducing the risk of osteoporosis in menopausal women, for example.

Those who not only take yam extract but also exercise and eat a healthy diet can effectively prevent this typical disease of old age. 

Yam root against progesterone deficiency 

Whether it is imbalance in “the days before the days”, an unfulfilled desire for a baby, menstrual cramps, fibroids, cysts or menopausal symptoms:  Often the cause is an excess of oestrogens, while the progesterone level drops.  Obviously, this can be prevented with yam preparations. During critical phases, the mood, skin, hair, cycle and overall condition of the affected women often change considerably.  Complaints include migraine attacks, depression, fatigue, cycle disorders, skin disorders such as acne, hair loss and many others. In most clinical tests with yam, all complaints improved significantly.  An effect against the typical hot flushes of menopause has not yet been documented. Yam preparations do not replace hormone therapy.  But in the long run they support the organism and have a gentle balancing effect.  In consultation with your gynaecologist, it is definitely worth trying yam! 

Yam as a contraceptive?

 One of the raw materials for the first birth control pills was extracted from wild yam!  However, diosgenin alone does not protect against unwanted conception: this has been proven in the laboratory.  Apparently, various ingredients of wild yam, which have not yet been deciphered, form a kind of biochemical “blockade” in the cervix. The indigenous people in today’s Latin America knew, among other things, that this barrier builds up at the earliest after half a year of ingestion and that the effect depends strongly on the women’s lifestyle habits.  Exact studies on this do not yet exist – therefore experiments in this direction are not recommended. 


Preparations made from or with yam extract are available for ingestion, as tablets or capsules.  Gels or creams are also an option for use. Women in particular benefit from the positive effect of yam on hormone balance.  For the relief of menopausal complaints or for the prevention of arteriosclerosis or osteoporosis, the yam root is highly recommended. Source: with/

Natural antibiotic and disinfection with grapefruit seed extract – What’s in it and what’s the point?

Natural antibiotic and disinfection with grapefruit seed extract – What’s in it and what’s in it? Grapefruit seed extract is a natural product and a natural antibiotic, as well as an effective disinfectant that provides valuable support in the home and in the medicine cabinet. Grapefruit seed extract has also proven itself in the prevention and treatment of infections with fungal spores, viruses, bacteria and even intestinal parasites. Extensive tests document its harmlessness: only in absurdly high doses would a toxic effect be feared.   There is no doubt that chemically produced antibiotics can help to cure certain diseases.  However, it is not always necessary to resort to antibiotics – Natural antibiotics from wild herbs and medicinal plants >>>. 

Natural antibiotic and disinfection with grapefruit seed extract. 

What’s in it and what’s in it? Responsible for the excellent properties of grapefruit seed extract are the contained flavonoids, secondary plant substances, in combination with a high concentration of vitamin C and bitter substances. The prerequisite for an optimal effect and good tolerance is quality: no biologically active substances are found in genuine organic products.  The influence of harmful substances, such as pesticide residues or dubious preservatives, is also eliminated. 

What is contained in grapefruit seed extract? 

Grapefruit seed extract contains a high concentration of special citrus flavonoids.  These include, for example, eriocitrin, hesperidin, naringin, rutin and their derivatives, i.e. chemically identical or similarly structured substances.  Other well-known flavonoids are, for example, the carotenoids. The secondary plant substances serve plants to protect themselves against enemies and pests of all kinds:  These include destructive fungi or bacteria.  Colours and scents that are appetising and stimulating for humans are often a “by-product” of such protective agents. In grapefruit seed extract, they are combined with one of nature’s strongest antioxidants, vitamin C, also known as ascorbic acid.  This also makes the addition of further preservatives completely unnecessary. The naringin mentioned belongs to the bitter substances:  Among other things, these have an appetite-suppressing and strongly deacidifying effect.  They stimulate the formation of bile and gastric and intestinal activity. Isolated in the laboratory, all these substances unfold their amazing abilities, not all of which have been researched yet. 

Possible applications of grapefruit seed extract 

The application possibilities of grapefruit seed extract are very versatile.  Examples include taking it to prevent bacterial or viral colds and infections, internal and external treatment of candida infections on the skin, in the genital area or in the intestines, use as a disinfectant for wound care in humans and animals, and preparation as a mouthwash for dental and oral hygiene. Those who like to make their own cosmetics know that grapefruit seed extract is a good basis for facial tonics, creams and aftershaves.  The preservative properties keep the respective mixture fresh, durable and hygienic. Liquid extract is also excellent for disinfecting, for example, baby toys or dummies for cleaning water, for example in pools and swimming pools in many cases, taking grapefruit seed extract has proven helpful or effectively supported conservative treatment: Stubborn infections with athlete’s foot or nail fungus, Candida albicans as well as viral or bacterial diseases respond well to the intake of grapefruit seed extract in the form of tablets or diluted drops. Even strains of bacteria that are now resistant to many common antibiotics are no match for grapefruit seed extract in the long run. The bitter substances also contained in the extract have a positive effect on the gastrointestinal tract: Patients with irritable bowel symptoms, for example, recorded a significant improvement in their general condition when taking the extract regularly.  The appetite-suppressing effect also supports weight loss. Taking the extract in the form of tablets or capsules is convenient for prolonged use.  The drop form of administration is more flexible in dosage and more versatile in use.  The strong bitter taste can be masked well with a glass of fruit juice.  Diluted solutions of varying strengths can be prepared for external use. Grapefruit seed extract is available in the form of tablets, capsules or drops.

Risks and side effects of grapefruit seed extract? 

 A good medicine cabinet is worth its weight in gold.  However, anyone who wants to take grapefruit seed extract or other natural remedies should always ask a doctor for advice in case of doubt and especially in the case of an acute illness. A reliable diagnosis and the correct assessment of possible infection risks are necessary. Prompt initiation of targeted treatment can save lives and prevent complications.  This applies to humans or animals. The higher the concentration of flavonoids contained in a product, the stronger the effect. Accordingly, it is important to strictly follow the dosage instructions on the respective packaging. The product should be taken until all symptoms of the disease have disappeared. Intolerance reactions are rare and are usually due to a citrus allergy.  By the way, this is also noticeable when eating or already peeling all kinds of citrus fruits, including pineapples or kiwis. A sore feeling in the mouth or blisters as well as skin reactions are clear signals of an intolerance.  A test with a highly diluted, very small dose provides information about this. The above-mentioned application possibilities of grapefruit seed extract have meanwhile been documented by significant and current studies.  If you would like to learn more about the versatility of this pure natural product, you can find it here: 


Strengthening the immune system with chokeberry: “health berry” and superfood activates the immune system By Christina Spirk 28 March 2020 Updated: 3 April 2020 16:09 

A strong immune system is the best defence against viral diseases of all kinds.  The novel COVID-19 can also be put in its place by a strong immune system.  Aronia berries, popularly known as “health berries”, strengthen the immune system and have antiviral properties. As a support for the body’s immune system, superfood products are receiving increased attention again due to current events.  Concentrated juices, dried berries or teas that contain large amounts of vitamins and nutrients can be consumed for a long time. A native superfood that is cultivated mainly in Saxony is the aronia berry. 

Ingredients of the aronia berry showed effect against influenza and SARS viruses 

The berries of the chokeberry bush are said to have anti-inflammatory, cholesterol-lowering and antioxidant effects.  Aronia berries are also said to have antiviral and antibacterial properties. The antiviral effect was examined more closely in a study published in 2013.  Researchers from Hallym University in South Korea found that Aronia melanocarpe, the Latin name of the berry, was effective against various influenza viruses. “Based on these results, we suggest that chokeberry is a valuable source of antiviral agents and that ellagic acid and myricetin have potential as flu therapeutics,” the scientists concluded. 

In another study, scientists from Chonnam National University tested the effect of several flavonoid compounds on the SARS virus (SARS-CoV).  They found that quercetin showed a good inhibitory effect.  The flavonoid quercitin is found in large quantities in aronia berries. Apart from flavonoids, aronia berries contain a high concentration of vitamins and minerals.  These include folic acid, vitamin K and beta-carotene and a variety of B vitamins, including B1, B2, B3, B5 and B6. Aronia is also rich in minerals and trace elements, such as calcium, magnesium, zinc, iodine and iron. The berries also contain antioxidants, such as the plant pigment anthocyanin. Antioxidants are radical scavengers and protect human cells from oxidative stress.  If the oxidative stress in the body becomes too great, this has a negative effect on the function of the immune system.  Then the body becomes more susceptible to infections and viral diseases. The content of the antioxidant anthocyanin is much higher in aronia berries than in other berries, for example blueberries, currants or raspberries.  For comparison: Aronia berries contain up to 2000 milligrams of anthocyanin, raspberries for example only up to 60 milligrams per 100 grams of fruit. 

Options for consumption

Aronia is mostly drunk as juice or as a tea extract.  Domestic chokeberry juices are mostly available as direct juice.  It should be noted that you should drink a maximum of 100 to 150 millilitres of it per day. If you are trying chokeberry for the first time, you should definitely dilute the juice in a ratio of 1:1 (100 millilitres of direct juice and 100 millilitres of water) or even 1:2 (100 millilitres of direct juice and 200 millilitres of water).  On the one hand, the undiluted juice tastes very tart and on the other hand, it has a laxative effect at the beginning.  However, the body quickly gets used to it. In any case, the initial effort pays off in terms of a strong immune system, which has an important role to play in the current situation of the Corona pandemic.